The meeting between the Environment Ministers of the G7 Member States took place at the very time the IPBES (group of UN experts considered the "IPCC of biodiversity") published its first "Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services" on Monday, 6 May 2019.
This report provides an alarming assessment of the state of our planet. It states that of the 8 million plant and animal species on Earth, one million are threatened with extinction. A significant number of species could cease to exist over the next few decades, and this is happening at an unprecedented rate. But it's not too late to act. Only a collective response from the entire international community can reverse this trend.
For this reason, on Monday 6 May, the Environment Ministers from the G7 Member States (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States), from Chile, Fiji, Gabon, Mexico, Niger and Norway, and the European Commissioner for the Environment signed the Metz Charter on Biodiversity, under the witness of the Environment Minister for Egypt.
This Charter, for which the IPBES' report provides a scientific basis, must raise biodiversity issues to the same level as climate issues.
The Charter is organised into 3 main focuses: Increase efforts to combat biodiversity erosion. Encourage the participation of other actors and stakeholders. Support the development and implementation of a post-2020 global biodiversity framework. While this Charter marks a turning point in the mobilisation of States promoting biodiversity conservation, it is not yet a victory.
Other summits will take place over the next few months to continue acting in favour of climate and biodiversity protection: The meeting between the leaders of the G7 Member States this summer, in Biarritz, which the last two days was to prepare for. The UN Climate Change Summit in New York in 2019. The COP25 in Santiago, Chile, in 2019. The COP15 on Biodiversity in Kunming, China, in 2020.